Nicomachean Ethics | x38KZT
We deliberate not about ends, but about means.
For a doctor does not deliberate whether he shall heal,
nor an orator whether he shall persuade ...
They assume the end and consider how and by what means it is attained,
and if it seems easily and best produced thereby;
while if it is achieved by other means,
they consider how it will be achieved and by what means this will be achieved,
until they come to the first cause ...
and what is last in the order of analysis seems to be first in the order of becoming.